NIGERIA AGRICULTURE QUARANTINE SERVICE

AQUATIC RESOURCES QUARANTINE

The division is mandated to carry out the following functions:

1. Supervises, regulates and control import and export of aquatic resources through quality assessment and certification.
2. Ensure sanitary inspection of aquatic resources for export/import into the country and compliance.
3. Provision of scientific backup for front-line aquatic quarantine inspection at entry/exist points and authenticates international sanitary certificates.
4. Ensure control and prevention of illegal trade in endangered or prohibited aquatic resources.
5. Ensure interception, seizure and/or destruction of aquatic resources/products under ban, and highly invasive exotic species, diseases, pests to ensure conservation of the nation’s aquatic resources, her biodiversity and human health.
6. Maintenance of red alert status on aquatic diseases of economic importance at all entry points.
7. Ensure regular monitoring and inspection of approved carrier vessels, aircrafts, trucks and refrigerated vehicles and premises with facilities for holding, and packing of aquatic resources and their products
8. Data compilation: collect all relevant data relating to the activities of the department.
9. Hold regular consultative meeting with stakeholders (importers/exporters/packaging industries enclosed) and liaise regularly with trading partners/exporting /importing countries of aquatic resources. Compile and update importing regulations of these countries in line with, OIE, CODEX, SPS and WTO regulations.
10. Collaboration with other MDAs (eg FMA&RD, FDF, NAFDAC, etc) on policy formulation, implementation and monitoring of aquatic resources.

2.0 PROCEDURES

Laid down procedures are to be strictly adhered to for both importation and exportation of live aquatic products.

2.1 CONDITIONS FOR THE IMPORT OF AQUATIC RESOURCES INTO NIGERIA AND PERMIT
• All import of aquatic resources into the country must be by a limited liability company registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission.
• The certified true copy of the memorandum of Association and Certificate of Registration Must accompany all applications.
• Application to import aquatic resource must be on the letter head of the company. The application will show detail of the intent to import aquatic live fish, the scientific and common / local name of the species to be imported, the quantity, total weight and mode of transportation.
• The Application should be addressed to: The Coordinating Director, Nigeria Agricultural Quarantine Service, Abuja. Attn: Head, Aquatic Resources Quarantine
• All imports must be accompanied by a valid import permit.
• Approval to import is subject to the inspection of the intended Holding facilities (farm, tanks, ponds etc) for aquatic resources.
• There must be a good disposal of wastewater from the facility. Note the waste water must not be discharged into any natural body of water.
• The import of aquatic resources Must be accompanied with Health Certificate from the country of origin.
• Certificate showing that the import is free from area of contagious diseases, parasites, pests, pathogenic organisms and diseases.
• A written note indicating expected date of arrival, port of entry and mode of transportation.
• All documents relating to imports must be verified on arrival.
• A sample of import will be taken for quarantining by NAQS – AR officers.
• DATA Form for every import must be mandatorily filled.
• Monitoring of aquatic (Live fish) import will be carried out by the NAQS officers for the next three years.
• The importer must ensure and facilitate the monitoring of imports within a stipulated time and he/she is required to bear the cost of logistics to carry out this function by NAQS quarantine officers.
• Compliance requirements for importation of live aquatic products involve the inspection of product country of origin, conduct import risk analysis and quarantine stringent assessment for appropriate level of protection an d biosecurity protocol.
• To achieve the above, it is the responsibility of the importer to bear the cost of logistics and travelling expenses for authorized quarantine fish inspector for source of origin inspection before any import permit can be issued to any prospective importer.


2.2 REQUIREMENT FOR THE EXPORT OF AQUATIC AND PERMITS • All exports of aquatic resources from the country must be by a limited liability company registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission in Nigeria.
• Company’s certified copies of memorandum of association and certificate of registration must accompany application for export.
• Export permit must be obtained after the approval of the applications to export aquatic resources products. Applications to export aquatic resource products must be in company’s letter head. The letter must clearly indicates the intent to export aquatic resources, the scientific, common and local names of the species to export, the total number of aquatic resources and the mode of transportation out of the country.
• The Application should be addressed to: The Coordinating Director, Nigeria Agricultural Quarantine Service, Abuja. Attn: Head, Aquatic Resources Quarantine
• The inspection of Quarantine Facilities must be conducted periodically and is a condition for the renewal of export permit. • The aquatic resources or other regulated products for export MUST BE accompanied by a Sanitary Health Certified indicating that the product there-in are free from pests and diseases as prescribed by the importing country.
• All exporters must fill and complete inventory data form at the point of exists.
• All exporters must repatriate the funds so generated from export of live fish from the country and evidences of repatriation shows in the form of bank statements, Moneygram, Western Union receipts which must be submitted for renewal of export permit for subsequent shipment.
• All exports must comply with other country’s specific requirements of the importing country.
• Documentation and analyses Form D must be completed for all exports.

3.0 TECHNICAL ADMINISTRATION

3.1A PRE – ARRIVAL: All imports of aquatic resources must be subjected to quarantine regulations in accordance with food safety and biosecurity requirements such as
I. Inspection of Quarantine Approved places
II. Availability of Biologics
III. Issuance of Facility Status Clearance (FSC)


B ARRIVAL
I. Inspection of quarantine seal
II. Physical observation of products
III. Assessment of water quality

C SAMPLE COLLECTION
I. Collection of fish samples according to fish species indicated
II. Analysis of qualities of current water
III. Special feed (antibacterial and antiviral feed supplements)
D QUARANTINING OF LIVE AQUATIC PRODUCT
I. Activation of the Franc-Greco quarantine tank upon the arrival of live aquatic products
II. Introduction of fish sample into quarantine tank
III. Monitoring of newly introduced fish samples for a period not less than 14 days
E LABORATORY ANALYSIS
I. Analysis of the current water parameters such as temperature, pH values, salinity content, turbidity and water hardness, presence of carbon dioxide gases, ammonia and nitrite compounds.
II. Microbiology
III. Feeds
• Feed composition
• Mycotoxin analysis
• Others
F QUARANTINE INTEGRITY CERTIFICATE (QIC)
A quarantine integrity Certificate is issued after all observations on quarantining and laboratory results are confirmed satisfactory. Note: All logistics for sample quarantining is borne by the importer. This includes monitoring budget, accommodation and personal allowances of the quarantine officer.
NAQS will not be responsible for any losses or mortality of products due to delay or negligence or mismanagement of live fish by importer or his agent

3.2. EXTANT LAWS OF NIGERIA
The law provides that:
I. No person or Corporate Organization shall receive or post or freight any live aquatic animal or product to any destination outside the borders of Nigeria without a Valid Export Permit issued by the Nigeria Agricultural Quarantine Service.
II. No person or corporate body shall package or load any live aquatic animal or product in carry form or manner for the purpose of taking, posting or freighting (by road, air or sea) to any destination outside the borders of Nigeria without Inspection And Certification by an authorized Aquatic Quarantine Officer.
III. No person or Corporate body shall assemble a consignment of live aquatic animal or product or water, for the purpose of freighting to any destination outside the borders of Nigeria without first informing the Head of Department of Aquatic Resources Quarantine of NAQS for appropriate biosecurity measures to be conducted before such assemblage is moved out in accordance with OIE, FAO 2007, ICES 2005.
IV. It is the Responsibility of the exporter to ensure that a Quarantine regulatory officer is present when a consignment of aquatic commodity is being loaded for freighting or packaged for posting and to arrange for the logistics of inspection; monitoring and certification of the commodity intended to be exporter.

3.3 PROTOCOL FOR INTENDED EXPORT OF AQUATIC
ANIMALS/PRODUCTS
a) Source of origin inspection i.e quarantine inspection of the production site and processing facilities of the commodities for exports
b) Commodity isolation
c) Monitoring programme
d) Offer of option for export permit
e) Documentation of international Health Certificate, Radio-active free certificate and application for aquatic resource export permit.
f) inspection compliance audit such as
• Handling and packaging
• Sanitary audit of consignment
• User fee charges at Exporter’s expense
• Way-bill
• Package label

3.4 BIOSECURITY CLEARANCE CERTIFICATE
This is a certificate or a document handed over to an Exporter indicating that all pre-border protocols have been satisfactorily complied with. It is a final certificated issued by the competent authority for the final shipment of the Export commodity.

4.0 REQUIREMENTS FOR PARCELING OF AQUATIC PRODUCTS

FOR RESEARCH IN FOREIGN INSTITUTIONS
4.1 Application letter must be in letter headed papers of the institution and must state the following
a) Name of product to be parceled
b) Source of product
c) Method of collection
d) Method of preservation
e) Research work to be done
f) Total quantity of product
g) Description of packaging
4.2 A letter of authorization to carry out the Research form the institution.
4.3 Certificate of being radioactive free by a competent.
4.4 An Export permit fee (reviewable) is charged for a quarantine permit to parcel aquatic product out of Nigeria.
4.5 The Application should be addressed to: The Coordinating Director, Nigeria Agricultural Quarantine Service, Abuja. Attn: Head, Aquatic Resources Quarantine

5.0 QUARANTINE BORDER INSPECTION

5.1 Border inspection is an essential bio-safety measure against the entry of diseased live aquatic animals, products, exotic pests and pathogens that will endanger human and animal lives.

5.2a AIRPORT INSPECTION
The following documents should be inspected:
I. Entry Card
II. Bio-security Clearance Certificate
III. Production diary of the commodity
IV. Inspection of labels
V. Collection of animal samples and water for analysis

B SEA PORT INSPECTION
Inspection of documents and products as samples.

PAYMENT OF CHARGES

The Aquatic Resources Quarantine unit of NAQS discharges useful services to importers/exporters of aquatic products. These services are geared towards ensuring validation and certification of aquatic products (Fish) for export, import and consumption in line with international best practices and in accordance with specific requirements of recipient countries.
To this end, specific charges ranging from payment for permits to import or export any live aquatic products and other composite aquatic products being trans-shipped across the borders of the country and user-fee charges for the residual services rendered by the aquatic quarantine department of NAQS are to be borne by the prospective fish importers, exporters or cultured fish farmers to enable the Aquatic Resources Quarantine unit discharge quality service to them.

PERMITS

Consequent upon meeting the compliance requirements for the importation/exportation of any live aquatic product (fish) and other composite fisheries products, payment of specific sums of money (reviewable) is mandatory before the issuance of permits
1. Import/Export Permit for limited liability companies attracts............................N50, 000
2. Import/Export Permit for Ornament fish.........................................................N30, 000
3. Import/Export Permit of fish for research purposes attracts.............................N20, 000*
4. Stockfish/Stockfish head per 20feet container…………………………...............N40, 000*
Stockfish/Stockfish head per 40feet container…………………………..................N60, 000*
5. 20feet container carrying canned fish………………………………….................N30, 000*
40feet container carrying canned fish………………………………….....................N50, 000*
6. Fish meal in 20feet container…………………………………………...................N25, 000
Fish meal in 40feet container………………………………………….......................N40, 000
7. Registration/Inspection of Quarantine facilities…………………………..............N30, 000

USER-FEE CHARGES
I. Dried / Smoked fish above 20kg…………………………………………................N10, 000*
II. Smoked fish less than 20kg………………………………………………..............N2, 000
III. 20feet container carry frozen fish……………………………………….................N5, 000*
IV. 40feet container carry fishery product…………………………………….............N8, 000*
V. Inspection of carrier vessels/verification of document (Seaport Inspection)……..N10, 000*

“NOTE”: The fees with * are yet to be implemented